The musings of a landscape painter, art teacher, and art history lover
Learning to draw in two-point perspective is easy and fun! With just a little bit of practice, you can draw amazing houses, buildings, and cities in perspective. This 2 point perspective tutorial can also help you to draw everyday objects. Once you understand how orthogonal lines recede into the distance and where to put your points on the horizon line, you will be able to draw amazing things. Let’s get started!
There are just a couple of things to keep in mind before you begin your two-point perspective drawing.
Supplies: Paper, ruler, pencil, eraser, good attitude.
Follow this easy tutorial on 2 point perspective
The History of Linear Perspective
The concept of perspective in art has evolved over time, and its significance became more pronounced during the Italian Renaissance. However, prior to this artistic revolution, during the dark ages, the knowledge of perspective seemed to have been lost or neglected. It was not until the architect Filippo Brunelleschi's pioneering work that the mathematical system of linear perspective was rediscovered.
Before the Renaissance, artists often depicted imagery without strict adherence to actual reality or perspective. In paintings, figures were often sized based on their importance rather than their spatial relationships. For example, in Giotto di Bondone's iconic artwork "Madonna Enthroned," the figure of Madonna is much larger than the other figures, not because of perspective, but due to her significance. A similar approach can be observed in Ancient Egyptian paintings, where figures were sized based on hierarchy, and spatial concerns were not given much consideration.
In Ancient Egyptian art, hieroglyphic paintings were divided into different levels, and the same method of sizing figures based on importance was applied. Additionally, both in "Madonna Enthroned" and Ancient Egyptian paintings, there is a lack of a distinct sense of distance behind the figures, indicating that perspective was not a priority in pre-Renaissance art.
However, during the Italian Renaissance, the rediscovery of linear perspective by Brunelleschi brought about a paradigm shift in how artists approached the depiction of space and reality in their works. The use of vanishing points, converging lines, and accurate scaling of objects based on spatial relationships became crucial in achieving a realistic representation of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface. This newfound understanding of perspective revolutionized art, allowing artists to create more lifelike and convincing representations of the world around them.
Compare the above images to the Renaissance painting, The School of Athens (1509-1511) by Raphael, below. In this painting, you can see a dominant architectural aspect to the background with orthogonal lines going back to a single point. The use of linear perspective gives the painting a sense of depth and atmosphere unseen in prior times. See the images below with examples of The School of Athens with orghogonal lines indicated.
Now that you understand two-point perspective, just imagine all the things you can draw! Quite literally, the sky is the limit! Have fun and make lots of drawings. The best way to become a good artist is to make lots of art.
Art Teachers Lesson Plan: Two-Point Perspective Drawing of a Building
Objective: The objective of this art lesson is to introduce middle school students to the concept of two-point perspective and to develop their skills in drawing architectural elements such as windows, doors, and other details in a building. Students will learn how to use two-point perspective to create a realistic and visually appealing drawing of a building with accurate proportions and perspective.
This presentation is for art educational purposes and is free to use and download. If you liked this tutorial, you may also like to check out drawing in three-point perspective HERE.
Author: Bruce Black
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